Category Archives: Critical rare earth

Appia releases 43-101 on their PCH Project

Lots of very impressive progress being made over at Appia Resources recently -including filing an NI 43-101 technical report on their PCH Project in Brazil. Compared to most companies this is quite an amazing accomplishment because they only acquired the PCH Project last year at PDAC 2023!

Link to NI 43-101 report.

The short version of this report is:
6.6 Million Tonnes Indicated Grading 2,513 ppm TREO
46.2 Million Tonnes Inferred Grading 2,888 ppm TREO.

The discovery has been described as having ‘astonishing’ grades.
What is truly inspiring about this NI 43-101 in addition to the speed at which they have been accomplishing exploration, is the fact that they have only explored just over 1% of the property they have under their claims located in the state of Goias Brazil. The maiden resource was generated through only 2 zones known as Target IV and Buriti Zones. The bluesky upside with so much prospective area left to explore is obviously of very high potential. The PCH Project

Appia’s PCH Project-Goias, Brazil

Additional news: Appia has also just announced the hiring of a market maker company in order to monitor and assist in maintaining an orderly market in their shares. The company is called Generation IACP and is based in Toronto.
Press Release:

More additional news: Another significant development is the addition of a new VP of Exploration for Brazil operations, Mr Andre Costa. ” Mr. Costa will oversee the ongoing development of the Company’s PCH Ionic Adsorption Clay project located in Goias, Brazil.” As a consultant to a company called G21 Mr Costa has overseen various projects in Brazil including work for TSX/V listed Aclara Resources also in Goias state,  managed exploration work for Codelco,  exploratory and drilling work for Lithium Ionic, exploration work for Largo as well as Eco Mining and Bemisa. Therefore he has worked on many projects in various parts of Brazil and has extensive experience in the exploration field, making him an ideal candidate at an ideal stage of Appias development in that country.  In total Mr. Costa has 29 years of experience including 9 years in Canada with a stint as Resident Geologist at the Saskatchewan Geological Survey. Saskatchewan happens to be where Appias other rare earth exploration project Alces lake is located, so very good synergy there as well.



All in all some great things happening at Appia and with the current state of the junior exploration markets still undervalued and under appreciated, there seems to be plenty of room for upside in their market valuation.

The editor of this article has owned shares in Appia  pre-public and continues to hold.
Disclaimer, the editor may buy or sell shares at any time.

PDAC Conference 2024 on March 3-6 in Toronto

It is time again for Toronto’s world renowned mining conference to take place for 2024!

The Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada is the world’s leading mining conference and it happens every year in downtown Toronto. It started in 1932 and has grown to host more than 1,100 exhibits and 700 speakers with over 30,000 people attending yearly.

PDAC 2024: The World’s Premier Mineral Exploration & Mining Convention is the leading event for people, companies and organizations connected to mineral exploration.

The annual award winning PDAC Convention in Toronto, Canada brings together up to 30,000 attendees from over 130+ countries for its educational programming, networking events, business opportunities and fun.

Last year (2023) the conference was getting back to normal after the effects of recent years.
The time slot is back to the regular time of March this year, the usual time slot over the years with an exception made in 2022 of course for the pandemic.

The official PDAC date this year is from Sunday March 3rd until Wednesday March 06 2024.

The exploration sector has been as active as any time we have seen it over the past 25 or so years.!
Metals are more in demand than ever, and more and different kinds of metals are now required to build out a carbon free existence on our wonderful planet.

Rare earths and lithium exploration discoveries have been center stage for several years now as these minerals are must haves for the electric vehicle industry which has been growing by leaps and bounds, led by Tesla of course in case you happen to be hiding under a rock somewhere…

This has spurred on intense exploration efforts from exploration companies since the rewards are very high and immediate if they can find economic deposits of these more recently in demand metals.

Of course the more traditional minerals such as silver and gold are just as in demand as ever, even more so as many millions join the middle class throughout the planet


With the usual blend of exploration companies, service providers, equipment manufacturers and financiers, we expect this years PDAC to be as busy as any previous years with much business transacted.
There will be many talks, meetings, educational events,  awards and a refreshing beverage or two will be shared as participants from all over the globe congregate.

We hope to see you there!

The official address is the Metro Convention Center, North Building location located at 255 Front Street West, two blocks west of York Street.

The South Building entrance is located at 222 Bremner Boulevard, one block north of Lakeshore Boulevard, west of York Street.

Canadian Junior Report

Appia Rare Earths and Uranium Corp. in Brazil


Appia Rare Earths and Uranium company continues to report quite astonishing results from their PCH Property located in the state of Goias Brazil. This is a very favourable mining country and the property is in a very favourable district with 5 mines apparently located nearby and infrastructure also located very close.

The company has recently launched a new website where extensive media interviews, property descriptions and of course all press releases can be accessed. The website link is here: Appia Website .

The short report on the PCH property so far:

  • High grade rare earths in ionic clay close to surface.
  • Easily mineable with no radioactive waste elements to process.
  • Favourable mining laws in Brazil make getting permits much quicker
  • Highest grades reported of any recent RE deposit from Target IV
  • Target IV consists of 193.28 hectares of the total 40,963-hectare project
  • Company is working on a Maiden Resource Estimate (MRE) soon
    (hopefully in time for PDAC 2024)
  • Mineralization extends into the hard rock below the clay and is open at depth

The company states:
“We have taken significant strides in advancing the PCH Rare Earths Ionic Clay Project by enlisting the services of SGS Geological Services (SGS) to prepare a comprehensive NI 43-101 technical report and maiden Mineral Resource Estimate (MRE) focused on Target IV, which consists of 193.28  hectares of the total 40,963-hectares.  The project consists of 22 claims and holds immense potential for mineral exploration within a region known for its robust infrastructure and mining activity.”

-Stay tuned for more exciting news from Appia regarding the PCH Project, plus their Alces Lake rare earths project in Saskatchewan as well as exploration on their various uranium targets in Sask.


The editor of this article has owned shares in Appia  pre-public and continues to hold.
Disclaimer, the editor may buy or sell shares at any time.

Latest Video: Appia Rare Earths and Uranium Corp.

Appia has been very busy with 2 drill campaigns happening simultaneously currently in 2023.



One is the Alces Lake Rare Earth Project located in northwest Saskatchewan. This is the 2nd year of serious diamond drill exploration on the property and the company is about to start releasing results from the summer/fall drilling.


A very fortuitous gain of an ionic clay PCH Rare Earth Project in Goias Brazil has also been keeping the company busy drilling. Assay results are just beginning to be delivered from this property also and they are looking excellent. They have gone deeper and have been rewarded, and also plan to explore much more of the property.

Exciting times for the company and management who have been working diligently on developing rare earth prospects for some years now. Congratulations that the hard work is paying off.

Here is a link to the Latest Appia Video with CEO Tom Drivas, (Oct 24 202).
This video is over an hour long and provides a comprehesive view of the latest company updates.

Disclaimer: Editor holds shares in Appia and was an original investor in the 1st financing.

Mines and Money 2023

The annual Mines and Money conference could be considered the next significant mining event upcoming up in 2023. It is happening in London England as per usual, this year it takes place from Nov 28th to Nov 30th.  Mines and Money/London website link

-Observing this conference can be a good way to “take the temperature” of the junior mining exploration. industry, especially as a precursor to the annual PDAC condference which happens early every March in Toronto.
-Keeping an eye on awards given out at Mines and Money, plus who is getting financed and which sectors are popular can give investors some valuable clues as to where the overall industry is heading.

We will be watching Mines and Money 2023 with a keen eye this year!

Appia acquires Brazilian Ionic Clay Property

There has been a lot of excitement at Appia Rare Earths and Uranium Corp. since PDAC 2023!
The acquisition of a Brazilian ionic clay property has caused a lot of eyebrows to be raised because a property like this doesn’t come around every day. It was apparently pursued by various highly interested companies but Appia came out with the prize.

The Cachoeirinha Project (the “PCH Project”) is located in the Tocantins Structural Province of the Brasília Fold Belt, Goiás State, Brazil. Here is the press release announcing the acquisition plus initial assay results:–announces-plans-to-proceed-with-the-acquistion-of-ionic-clay-project-brazil

Disclaimer: The editor of The Canadian Junior Report is a long time shareholder of Appia stock and may buy or sell at any time.

China Restricts Additional Rare Earth Metals

China is continuing on its path of restricting export access to certain metals.

As of August 01, 2023 germaniun and gallium have been added to the list. This is in addition
to restrictions on various rare earth metals which began as export quotas around 2010.
China controls around 90% of the supply of rare earth minerals as well as control of technologies surrounding the manufacture of products using these metals.

China has been enacting a policy of increasing restrictions on exporting these metals and technologies
causing western countries to scramble to put together their own supply chains. A large premium has been put upon getting production into place since these various metals are essential to western defense department This puts them in the category of national security resources. Not to mention the electric vehicle explosion requires these metals as well as many other technologies developed in recent years such as wind turbines, batteries, solar devices and so on.

Here is a link to an article about the latest restrictions of germanium and gallium written by the publication article


Junior Exploration Companies 2023 Update

After experiencing what appears to be a bottoming phase in market cap/share prices prices in October 2023, it appears that the worst may be over for investors in the junior company exploration sector.
The market caps of many of the companies on the junior exchanges have risen 20% to 100% or more and many have held their gains – much to the relief of battered investors.

There are various reasons for the cyclical nature of this sector, some easier to identify than others.

The demand for traditional as well as more exotic minerals is not going away anytime soon it appears. In fact there is incredible demand for some metals and minerals in our current technological society.

-For example the demand for lithium hydroxide seems to know very few bounds and the price has soared to $79,000.00 per ton (U.S).
Lithium Chart- Feb 01, 2023

Lithium is used in batteries for the electric vehicle market and this has spurred a major amount of exploration activity for new lithium deposits around the globe.

-Demand for copper is reportedly going to reach unheard of numbers in the near future as well, although price has not really reflected that as of yet. As seen on the internet, a report from S&P Global forecasts that “global demand for the metal could double by 2035, from 25 million metric tons to 50 million metric tons.”
The report also stated that “by 2030, supply from both existing and projected copper mining activities will meet just 80% of our needs.”
Copper Charts from

-In fact all of the minerals used in electric vehicles such as copper, aluminum, manganese, indium, rare earth elements, helium, cobalt, graphite and potash are apparently much needed in our society moving ahead.

-This is not even mentioning the uranium sector which is really a great solution for a lot of our energy problems according to many experts in the field, as the carbon generation is virtually non-existent with nuclear energy.

-So in speaking for weary investors, we say let the good times return to this sector, it has been a long wait!!

PDAC 2022 ‘Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada’ 90th Year

Exciting News: The PDAC is back in person in 2022, for its 90th birthday!

The date of the show will now be held from June 13-15 in person and June 28-29 online.
This is a change from the usual spot in early March, probably due to ongoing pandemic considerations.
After 2 years of being hosted online only due to the Covid pandemic it appears 2022 will see the  world renowned Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada back in all it’s glory.

Also looks like this years event will be busy as we see this announcement on the official website:
“Please note that exhibit space for the in person portion of the Trade Show is sold out. See below for more details.” Prior years regularly have seen well over 30,000 attendees so we expect the event to be very busy this year given that the pandemic measures continue to normalize.

You can register by clicking this link: PDAC 2022 Registration

-The location for exhibits and trade show events at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in downtown Toronto at 222 Bremner Boulevard, Toronto Canada.

As usual we expect to see various company parties and evening events hosted at other venues in the surrounding downtown area as in pre covid years. There is usually a list of events posted in the lobby of the Royal York Hotel and
flyers posted and so on in the convention area and at the exhibit booths.

2022 promises to be a very exciting year as there has been a lot of important discoveries and the term ‘commodities supercycle’ has become popular lately, as well as the need for certain metals to support national defense and various industries that rely on a secure supply of metals for their products. This has lent a more than usual sense of urgency to the important task of finding new mineral resources.

Hope to see you there!

The Canadian Junior Report




PDAC Contact Address:

Prospectors & Developers
Association of Canada

800-170 University Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M5H 3B3
416 362 1969


API:CSE-Appia Announces Assay Results, Additional Land Acquisitions, A New Discovery And Drilling Update

Sept 01, 2021

Press Release Sept 01, 2021

Appia Energy Corp. continues to move full speed ahead with their 2021 exploration program at Alces Lake, Saskatchewan. Having recently added critical metals expert Jack Lifton to the Advisory Board, and with 13 geologists working at the project plus a winter camp set-up there is a lot of excitement in the air!

Recent results have added to the energy surrounding the Alces Lake rare earth/critical rare earth prospect with additional land being acquired.

“Acquisition of a further 11,055.4 hectares (27,318.5 acres) of land contiguous to the claim block at
Alces Lake, increasing the 100% owned landholdings to 35,682.2 hectares (88,,172.7 acres),
doubling the landholdings from the start of the 2021 exploration season.”


The Sweet Chili Heat zone (“SCH”), among others (Figure 2), is a new discovery that was found as a direct
result of the new airborne survey. As a result of the analysis of the geophysical data and geologic work done at the location, the SCH zone has been prioritized for drilling in the near future. Monazite mineralization has an exposed strike length of ~25m, with elevated radiation readings continuing under ground cover for an additional ~30m. Observed mineralization indicates that the SCH is a highly prospective target.”

With two drills active on the property, there are so many occurrences to explore that the diamond drilling program is being extended from 5000 meters to a possible total of 10,000 meters. As was mentioned earlier there is now a winter camp set-up and earlier grab samples have been assayed by the SRC (Saskatchewan Research Council) laboratories. With all this activity and focus we can expect a steady flow of news from Appia moving forward.

We will continue to follow this company on their exciting journey to become a rare earth/critical rare earth producer right here in our own Canadian back yard, one of the highest grade discoveries in the world.

Editor owns shares in this company and may buy or sell at any time.